Shard Detail

content_disposition v1.1.3

Crystal shard to create HTTP Content-Disposition headers with proper escaping/encoding of filenames
content-disposition

Install & Use

Add the following code to your project's shard.yml under:

dependencies to use in production
- OR -
development_dependencies to use in development


content_disposition:
  github: jetrockets/content_disposition.cr
  version: 1.1.3

Readme

content_disposition.cr

Build Status GitHub release GitHub license

Creating a properly encoded and escaped standards-compliant HTTP Content-Disposition header for potential filenames with special characters is surprisingly confusing.

This library does that and only that, in a single 50-line file with no dependencies.

Crystal port of https://github.com/shrinerb/content_disposition

Content-Disposition header

Before we proceed with the usage guide, first a bit of explanation what is the Content-Disposition header. The Content-Disposition response header specifies the behaviour of the web browser when opening a URL.

The inline disposition will display the content "inline", which means that known MIME types from the Content-Type response header are displayed inside the browser, while unknown MIME types will be immediately downloaded.

Content-Disposition: inline

The attachment disposition will tell the browser to always download the content, regardless of the MIME type.

Content-Disposition: attachment

When the content is downloaded, by default the filename will be last URL segment. This can be changed via the filename parameter:

Content-Disposition: attachment; filename="image.jpg"

To support old browsers, the filename should be the ASCII version of the filename, while the filename* parameter can be used for the full filename with any potential UTF-8 characters. Special characters from the filename need to be URL-encoded in both parameters.

Installation

  1. Add the dependency to your shard.yml:

    dependencies:
      content_disposition:
        github: jetrockets/content_disposition
    
  2. Run shards install

Usage

require "content_disposition"

ContentDisposition.format(disposition: "inline", filename: "racecar.jpg")
# => "inline; filename=\"racecar.jpg\"; filename*=UTF-8''racecar.jpg"

A proper content-disposition value for non-ascii filenames has a pure-ascii as well as an ascii component. By default the filename will be turned into ascii by replacing any non-ascii chars with '?' (which is then properly percent-escaped to %3F in output).

ContentDisposition.format(disposition: "attachment", filename: "råcëçâr.jpg")
# => "attachment; filename=\"r%3Fc%3F%3F%3Fr.jpg\"; filename*=UTF-8''r%C3%A5c%C3%AB%C3%A7%C3%A2r.jpg"

But you can pass in your own proc to do it however you want.

ContentDisposition.format(
  disposition: "attachment",
  filename: "råcëçâr.jpg",
  to_ascii: ->(filename : String) { String.new(filename.encode("US-ASCII", invalid: :skip)) }
)
# => "attachment; filename=\"racecar.jpg\"; filename*=UTF-8''r%C3%A5c%C3%AB%C3%A7%C3%A2r.jpg"

You can also configure .to_ascii globally for any invocation:

ContentDisposition.to_ascii = ->(filename : String) { String.new(filename.encode("US-ASCII", invalid: :skip)) }

The .format method is aliased to .call, so you can do:

ContentDisposition.(disposition: "inline", filename: "råcëçâr.jpg")
# => "inline; filename=\"r%3Fc%3F%3F%3Fr.jpg\"; filename*=UTF-8''r%C3%A5c%C3%AB%C3%A7%C3%A2r.jpg"

There are also .attachment and .inline shorthands:

ContentDisposition.attachment("racecar.jpg")
# => "attachment; filename=\"racecar.jpg\"; filename*=UTF-8''racecar.jpg"
ContentDisposition.inline("racecar.jpg")
# => "inline; filename=\"racecar.jpg\"; filename*=UTF-8''racecar.jpg"

You can also create a ContentDisposition instance to build your own Content-Disposition header.

content_disposition = ContentDisposition.new(
  disposition: "attachment",
  filename:    "råcëçâr.jpg",
)

content_disposition.disposition
# => "attachment"
content_disposition.filename
# => "råcëçâr.jpg"

content_disposition.ascii_filename
# => "filename=\"r%3Fc%3F%3F%3Fr.jpg\""
content_disposition.utf8_filename
# => "filename*=UTF-8''r%C3%A5c%C3%AB%C3%A7%C3%A2r.jpg"

content_disposition.to_s
# => "attachment; filename=\"r%3Fc%3F%3F%3Fr.jpg\"; filename*=UTF-8''r%C3%A5c%C3%AB%C3%A7%C3%A2r.jpg"

Contributing

  1. Fork it (https://github.com/jetrockets/content_disposition/fork)
  2. Create your feature branch (git checkout -b my-new-feature)
  3. Commit your changes (git commit -am 'Add some feature')
  4. Push to the branch (git push origin my-new-feature)
  5. Create a new Pull Request

Contributors