Shard Detail

seg v0.1.0

Segment matcher for paths

Install & Use

Add the following code to your project's shard.yml under:

dependencies to use in production
- OR -
development_dependencies to use in development


seg:
  github: soveran/seg

Readme

Seg

Segment matcher for paths.

Description

Seg provides two methods for consuming and capturing path segments. A path is a string that starts with a slash and contains segments separated by slashes, for example /foo/bar/baz or /users/42.

Usage

Consider this interactive session:

s = Seg.new("/users/42")
#=> #<Seg ...>

s.prev
#=> ""

s.curr
#=> "/users/42"

s.consume("users")
#=> true

s.prev
#=> "/users"

s.curr
#=> "/42"

s.consume("42")
#=> true

s.prev
#=> "/users/42"

s.curr
#=> ""

The previous example shows how to walk the path by providing segments to consume. In the following example, we'll see what happens when we try to consume a segment with a string that doesn't match:

s = Seg.new("/users/42")
#=> #<Seg ...>

s.prev
#=> ""

s.curr
#=> "/users/42"

s.consume("admin")
#=> false

s.prev
#=> ""

s.curr
#=> "/users/42"

As you can see, the command fails and the prev and curr strings are not altered. Now we'll see how to capture segment values:

s = Seg.new("/users/42")
#=> #<Seg ...>

captures = Hash(Symbol, String).new
#=> {}

s.prev
#=> ""

s.curr
#=> "/users/42"

s.capture(:foo, captures)
#=> true

s.prev
#=> "/users"

s.curr
#=> "/42"

s.capture(:bar, captures)
#=> true

s.prev
#=> "/users/42"

s.curr
#=> ""

captures
#=> {:foo=>"users", :bar=>42}

It is also possible to extract the next segment from the path. The method extract returns the next segment, if available, or nil otherwise:

s = Seg.new("/users/42")
#=> #<Seg ...>

s.prev
#=> ""

s.curr
#=> "/users/42"

s.extract
#=> "users"

s.prev
#=> "/users"

s.curr
#=> "/42"

s.extract
#=> "42"

s.prev
#=> "/users/42"

s.curr
#=> ""

You can also go back by using the methods retract and restore, which are the antidote to extract and consume respectively.

Let's see how retract works:

s = Seg.new("/users/42")
#=> #<Seg ...>

s.prev
#=> ""

s.curr
#=> "/users/42"

s.extract
#=> "users"

s.prev
#=> "/users"

s.curr
#=> "/42"

s.retract
#=> "users"

s.prev
#=> ""

s.curr
#=> "/users/42"

And now restore:

s = Seg.new("/users/42")
#=> #<Seg ...>

s.prev
#=> ""

s.curr
#=> "/users/42"

s.extract
#=> "users"

s.prev
#=> "/users"

s.curr
#=> "/42"

s.restore("foo")
#=> false

s.restore("users")
#=> true

s.prev
#=> ""

s.curr
#=> "/users/42"

Installation

Add this to your application's shard.yml:

dependencies:
  seg:
    github: soveran/seg
    branch: master